422/2008 Sb. – Act on determining further requirements to ensure quality and safety of human tissue and cells for human use
Treatment in a centre for assisted reproduction is, according to the legislation, a couple therapy. Therefore, the presence of both partners, who are of opposite genders, is required (both partners do not have to be present at every step of the treatment). A heterosexual couple, married or not, may apply for assisted reproduction. Due to the legislation, it is thus not possible for single women or homosexual couples to apply for assisted reproduction.
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The father of the child conceived by assisted reproduction to an unmarried woman is the man who gave consent to the therapy. Concerning the mother, the law states that the mother of a child is the woman who gave birth.
Artificial insemination cannot be used to select the sex of the child.
Donation of gametes in the Czech Republic is fully anonymous. It is impossible for the donor and receiver to identify one another. The donation of eggs is voluntary, anonymous and complimentary.
The law further states that the age of a woman in embryotransfer must not exceed 48 years + 364 days.